Working inside the black box: Assessment for learning in the classroom
In their widely read article “Inside the Black Box,” Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam demonstrated that improving formative assessment raises student achievement. Now they and their colleagues report on a follow-up project that has helped teachers change their practice and students change their behavior so that everyone shares responsibility for the students’ learning.
© 2004, Dylan Wiliam
Paul Black, Christine Harrison, Clare Lee, Bethan Marshall, and Dylan Wiliam, “Working Inside the Black Box: Assessment for Learning in the Classroom,” Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 86, No. 1, September 2004, pp. 9-21.
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