NYCDOE: Passport to Social Studies - grade 8, unit 2
This is the second unit of the grade eight scope and sequence, titled: A Changing Society and the Progressive Era. It was developed by a team of NYCDOE staff and teachers, in collaboration with scholars of the humanities and social sciences as well as museum curators. Students will immerse themselves in the topic by discussing focus questions, reading and analyzing a rich collection of diverse primary and secondary sources, examining artifacts, and interpreting images, such as paintings and photographs, maps, and political cartoons.
This guide addresses the variety of political and social responses to problems of economic inequity and poverty, urbanization, public health, racism, and civil rights in America during a period of rapid industrialization and mass immigration. Topics of representative lessons in this unit include: compare the ways in which early labor unions represented or ignored the interests of women, children, African-Americans, and Asians; understand how technological development changed the mode of production; assess the social and economic impact of labor unions, women’s suffrage, and government regulation; identify African-American and Chinese responses to discrimination and anti-immigration policies. Select lessons also have students compare and contrast the living conditions in their own community to varying immigrant experiences in order to evaluate how population density, diversity, and technology played a part in shaping the social, cultural, and economic lives of New Yorkers.
To evaluate student mastery of content knowledge, cognitive processes, and critical thinking skills, this unit includes formative assessments, and a performance-based assessment activity, which has students read and annotate texts to write an investigative report about a Progressive Era issue that also describes efforts to improve the problem.
Please note: the complete set of NYCDOE K-8: Passport to Social Studies Core Curriculum materials include a wide-range of trade books and primary documents, in addition to this unit of study. In order to support rigorous social studies instruction and student inquiry, we recommend that teachers integrate these resources into their daily instruction and assessment plans.