Fluency without fear: Research evidence on the best ways to learn math facts

This article, written by Jo Boaler of YouCubed at Stanford University, provides a research basis for the field's changing understanding of what it means to achieve fluency with number facts and number sense. It specifically names number talks as one of the methods aligned to the ways children learn and build fluency. The article also includes an appendix with a range of different math activities that can be used with students.